What is Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease


Teeth are important in any living thing that must chew food. Therefore, teeth are part of the digestive system in that they help reduce the sizes of the food particles. This facilitates swallowing and increases the surface area to promote the action of the enzymes. In other animals like dog, teeth are not only used for feeding purposes but also as a defense mechanism. Therefore, the teeth require to be held firmly to facilitate all these process. Therefore, the gums and the jawbone are the main reinforcements to the teeth. However, these are susceptible to a disease condition known as periodontal disease. This is a disease that affects the tissues and the bones that support the teeth.

Understanding Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease can be termed as a stage wise disease for it develops in stages. In the initial stages, the gum is characterized by simple inflation and if not taken care of it develops into a serious disease that damages the soft tissue and the bone around the teeth. The results are a loss of the teeth. Therefore, it is a serious disease that should be avoided by observing good oral care.

The Cause of The Disease

Every day a person is exposed to different forms of bacteria’s, toxins and chemicals. The mouth is thus characterized by a huge number of bacteria’s. When the bacteria’s combine with other particles in the mouth such as food particles and along with mucus, they form plaque. This is a sticky deposit on the teeth that are usually colorless. With time, it hardens to form a tartar that cannot be eliminated without the help of a dentist. The plaque and the tartar are the breeding zones of the bacteria. The gums develop inflammation as a result of infection by these bacteria’s. This is referred to as gingivitis. It’s characterized by red swollen and bleeding gums. However, it does not cause any loss of tissue or bone that hold teeth in place. Untreated gingivitis may advance to periodontitis. This is an inflammation around the tooth. In this condition, the gums detach from the teeth and leaving behind spaces called pockets. These pockets will host food particles and bacteria leading to more infection. This disease will then infect the bone and spread to the gum line leading to loss of teeth.

Taking Care of The Disease

  • Regular cleaning of the teeth is advisable. This helps to remove the plaque and thus hinders the development of the tartar.
  • Visiting a dentist for professional teeth testing and cleaning is important to remove the tartar and diagnose against other conditions.
  • Avoid smoking. Smoking is associated with the development of gum diseases. Further, it hinders effective treatment of the disease.


Periodontal disease is a condition that should be treated early for it can easily render a person toothless. Proper brushing techniques along with regularly scheduled cleanings by your local dentist  are important in order to maintain good oral hygiene. Dental cleanings should be scheduled semi-annually. Your dentist Stuart FL will give your teeth and gums a thorough examination during these cleanings and will be able to answer any questions you may have.

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